About Rafale aircraft?
How the deal was placed?
The Defence Ministry acknowledged the need and began working on it. But the actual process began in 2007. The bidding for the same was made open to field player companies. The companies who participated in the bidding were Lockheed Sweden’s Saab’s Gripen, Rafale, Martin’s F-16s, Boeing’s F/A-18s, Eurofighter Typhoon and Russia’s MiG-35.
The aircraft of all the bidder companies were examined and tested by IAF.Out of six, Rafale and Eurofighter were shortlisted.
Dassault won the contract to supply 126 fighter jets, because of lowest bid and easy maintainability of Rafale jets.
This deal was worth Rs.54,000 crore which involves acquiring of 126 aircraft out of which 18 will be in flyaway condition and other 108 will be manufactured by HAL using the transfer of technology method.
But due to elections on both side and change of government delayed the deal. Hence, it was renegotiated and was finalized in September 2016 with some changes.
In September 2016, the Indian government and France government finalized the deal with some changes in numbers, offset partner and pricing.
The finalized deal involves demand of only 36 Rafale jets by India with the same budget. Thus increasing the price of per Rafale jet from 428 cr to 740 cr.
According to finalized deal, the Rafale will be delivered in flyaway condition. The delivery of jets was meant to start from September 2018. But to some Technical Issues, it is now estimated that India will get it’s first Rafale till September 2019. Defence Minister Sitharaman said that the 36th Rafale will be delivered to India by 2022.